__Greek flora is renowned for its wealth as it numbers over 6,500 varieties, 1,200 out of which are endemic plants, not to be found in other parts of the world. One of the most biologically diverse nations globally, Greece’s mountains, mainland and islands create special balances of plant life. A number of microclimates due to the domestic topography – the Aegean islands, the country’s high mountains like Olympus, Parnassos and Taeyetos, the drought-prone southern land – contributes to the rich flora, consisting of plants that have evolved adaptations to grow in this unique environment. The Greek flora diversity is probably best demonstrated through the example of the Acropolis ‘sacred’ rock which despite being an extremely harsh ‘plant’ environment, it hosts over 300 plants.Centuries ago Greeks began to discover and explore the medicinal value of some of the native flora of the land, and explore their use in remedies.
Saffron is harvested by hand from the crocus flower by communities of growers in Northern Greece. With its complex bitter taste and exceptional medicinal applications,it is the most expensive spice in the world with a value equivalent to gold.
Species of native “mountain teas” that grow wild on the remote mountain terrain have proven antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antibacterial properties, and are sought after around the world.